How to take care of an aloe plant

Aloe vera is usually grown as a houseplant and has its advantages because its leaf gel soothes the skin (although some people are actually bothered by the gel).

There are more than 300 species of aloe vera, but the most widely grown as a houseplant is aloe barbadensis miller. It has thick, succulent leaves that are covered with a watery gel. The leaves grow in rosettes from the base of the tree and have flexible spiny spines. It takes three to four years to reach a rapidly growing juicy, mature shape.

The spiky flowers appear on tall stems, in shades of yellow, red, or orange. Young plants generally do not flower and aloe grown as a houseplant can take years to produce a flower stalk.

Before Planting :

how to take care of an aloe plant

  • It is important to choose the right type of container. A pot of terracotta or similar porous material is recommended, as the soil can dry completely between waterings and is also heavy enough to prevent the plant from tipping over. Plastic or glazed pots can also be used, although these retain more moisture.
  • When choosing a container, make sure to choose one that has at least one drainage hole at the bottom. This is essential, as the hole allows excess water to drain. Aloe vera plants are hardy, but lack of proper drainage can cause rot and wilt, which is easily the most common cause of death for this plant.
  • Choose a container that is as wide as it is deep. If your aloe plant has a stem, choose a container deep enough to plant the entire stem underground.
  • Aloe vera plants are succulents, so use a well-draining potting soil, such as that used for cacti and succulents. Do not use garden soil. A good mix should contain perlite, volcanic rock, pieces of bark, or all three.
  • No need for a layer of gravel, clay balls, or other "drainage" material at the bottom of the pot. This only takes up space that the roots could otherwise use. A drainage hole is a sufficient drainage!
  • (Optional) To encourage aloe to make new roots after planting, sprinkle the stem of the plant with a rooting hormone powder. Root hormones can be found at a local garden center or hardware store or can be purchased online.

Sowing time of Aloe Vera:

1. Prepare your pan. After you've quickly rinsed the new pot (or scrubbed it well, if it's a pot you've used before) and let it dry completely, place a small piece of gauze over the drainage hole; This prevents the soil from sinking to the bottom and the water can drain well. A folded paper towel or newspaper can also work in a pinch, although they will tear over time.

2. Prepare your plant. Remove the aloe vera plant from its current pot and brush excess dirt from the roots, taking care not to damage the roots.

  • If your plant has young, remove them now. (See the "Care" section of this page for puppy removal and potting instructions.)
  • If your plant has a very long and thin stem that will not fit in the pot, it is possible to partially trim the stem. Keep in mind that this is risky and can kill the plant. To trim the stem: Cut off part of the stem, leaving as much on the plant as possible. Then take the bare plant and place it in a warm room with indirect light. After a few days, an insect forms on the wound. At this point, proceed with the transplant instructions below.

How to Care for an Aloe Vera Plant :

Aloe vera plants are native to tropical regions, but they are common household plants in a variety of climates. Caring for an aloe vera plant is easy once you know the basics. With a little effort, you can help your aloe vera plant survive for years to come.


The soil must have good drainage. In its natural habitat, Aloe generally grows on slopes, so good drainage is guaranteed. To provide drainage in a pot, you can use special cactus potting soil or mix in some perlite or coarse sand and make your own mix.


In the garden, you want your aloe vera to get 2-3 hours of sun a day. As a general rule of thumb, there can be more sunrise in coastal areas than in heated inland locations.

I was better protected from the hot midday sun and was actually pressured not to get too much sun exposure (plus the desperate need to sign up). I took it to a spot in the backyard where there was a lot of bright light, but only a few hours of direct sunlight. He did so much better and was happy there with a big pot and fresh soil.

Here in the Sonoran Desert, an aloe vera plant works best out of the bright sun. I've seen them grow in full sun in the city and they look a lot less vigorous than I do in bright shadows. Also, the leaves tend to turn brown from dry air and heat.

Indoors, aloe vera needs as much light as possible, such as exposure to the south or west. It is not a low-light plant and if it doesn't get the light it needs, the leaves will drop.


Aloe tolerates drought well but prefers to be watered regularly so that the soil can dry out completely between waterings. If the plant is left dry for too long, the leaves will wilt and wrinkle slightly. They will recover if watered, but prolonged stress, be it too much drought or too much water, will cause the leaves to yellow and die.

Do not give the plants extra water during the rainy season. Most aloes go dormant in the winter and need no water at all, as long as they get enough water during the growing season. If your climate is rainy in the winter, consider planting your aloe in gravel or stones. They drain the water.

Fertilizing the Plant:

Aloe plants generally don't need fertilizer, although applying it occasionally can help a plant that doesn't seem as healthy as it should. Fertilize the aloe in mid-spring with a water-soluble liquid fertilizer formulated for houseplants. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half the recommended dose on the package for the size of the pot.

Potential Pests and Diseases:

Aloe is generally resistant to pests, but can still become infested with aphids, spider mites, mealybugs, or mealybugs. Eliminate these pests manually by removing them from the leaves or by rinsing the plant with water. You can also use a natural insecticide such as neem oil to keep them at bay.

Because it is used to grow in dry conditions, aloe vera is particularly susceptible to root rot, soft rot, fungal stem rot, and leaf rot. Avoid these kinds of problems when caring for aloe vera plants by overwatering and waiting for the soil to dry before watering the plant more.

How to take care of an aloe plant How to take care of an aloe plant Reviewed by Kevin H on December 20, 2021 Rating: 5

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